High Blood Pressure And How It Affects Your Heart
High blood pressure is a very serious health condition which affects many of our vital organs over a period of time that includes our heart, brain, kidney and eyes. The most heinous part about it is that in many cases it goes undetected. As per the research, one in five patients suffering from hyper tension is not even aware of it.
In order to understand the magnitude of damage hypertension can cause to our heart, we first need to understand what is high blood pressure and the possible factors that trigger this condition. High blood pressure, as the name suggests is when the force in with the blood flowing through the blood vessel is exponentially high.
The Relation between Our Heart and Blood Pressure
Our heart is a small muscular organ that pumps oxygenated blood to our tissues and organs through a network of blood vessels that include arteries, capillaries and veins. Blood pressure is a result of two forces namely the systolic pressure and the diastolic pressure. The first results when blood is pumped out of the heart into the arteries and the latter is created during the gap between the heart beats.
As long as the arteries are elastic, the blood flow is free and normal. But as the arteries get stiffer with age the ventricles needs to pump the blood harder out of the heart. This in turn triggers increase in blood pressure.
How High Blood Pressure Leads To Heart Diseases
Gradually over the time, high blood pressure starts damaging and narrowing down of the arteries. The heart has to pump harder to make the blood flow through the narrowed and weakened arteries that may even lead to bulging or rupturing of arteries leading to a medical condition named Aneurysm. Further the wall of the arteries thickens due to fat creating blockages.
The blockage in the blood flow due to damaged and clogged arteries then lead to varies coronary artery diseases that cause chest pain, irregular heart beat and heart attack. High blood pressure forces the heart to work harder which weakens the heart over a period of time and leads to life threatening conditions such as heart failure and enlargement of the left heart.